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React Lifecycle

This guide discusses how to use the Ionic Lifecycle events in an Ionic React application.

Ionic Lifecycle Methods#

Ionic provides a few lifecycle methods that you can use in your apps:

Event NameDescription
ionViewWillEnterFired when the component routing to is about to animate into view.
ionViewDidEnterFired when the component routing to has finished animating.
ionViewWillLeaveFired when the component routing from is about to animate.
ionViewDidLeaveFired when the component routing to has finished animating.

The way you access these methods varies based on if you are using class-based components or functional components. We cover both methods below.

Lifecycle Methods in Class-Based Components#

to use the Ionic Lifecycle methods in a class-based component, you must wrap your component with the withIonLifeCycle higher order component (HOC) like so:

export default withIonLifeCycle(HomePage);

withIonLifeCycle is imported from @ionic/react

You can then create the appropriate lifecycle method on your class component, and the HOC calls that method when the event happens. Below is the entire component with each of the lifecycle methods implemented:

import React from 'react';import {  IonHeader,  IonPage,  IonToolbar,  IonTitle,  IonContent,  withIonLifeCycle,} from '@ionic/react';
class HomePage extends React.Component {  ionViewWillEnter() {    console.log('ionViewWillEnter event fired');  }
  ionViewWillLeave() {    console.log('ionViewWillLeave event fired');  }
  ionViewDidEnter() {    console.log('ionViewDidEnter event fired');  }
  ionViewDidLeave() {    console.log('ionViewDidLeave event fired');  }
  render() {    return (      <IonPage>        <IonHeader>          <IonToolbar>            <IonTitle>Home</IonTitle>          </IonToolbar>        </IonHeader>        <IonContent></IonContent>      </IonPage>    );  }}
export default withIonLifeCycle(HomePage);

Lifecycle Methods in Functional Components#

Ionic React exports hooks for each of the lifecycle methods that you can use in your functional components. Each of the hooks takes the method you want called when the event fires.

import {  IonContent,  IonHeader,  IonTitle,  IonToolbar,  useIonViewDidEnter,  useIonViewDidLeave,  useIonViewWillEnter,  useIonViewWillLeave,} from '@ionic/react';import React from 'react';
const HomePage: React.FC = () => {  useIonViewDidEnter(() => {    console.log('ionViewDidEnter event fired');  });
  useIonViewDidLeave(() => {    console.log('ionViewDidLeave event fired');  });
  useIonViewWillEnter(() => {    console.log('ionViewWillEnter event fired');  });
  useIonViewWillLeave(() => {    console.log('ionViewWillLeave event fired');  });
  return (    <IonPage>      <IonHeader>        <IonToolbar>          <IonTitle>Home</IonTitle>        </IonToolbar>      </IonHeader>      <IonContent></IonContent>    </IonPage>  );};
export default HomePage;

Functional components don't need to be wrapped with the withIonLifeCycle HOC as class components do.

React LifeCycle Methods#

All the lifecycle methods in React (componentDidMount, componentWillUnmount, etc..) are available for you to use as well. However, since Ionic React manages the lifetime of a page, certain events might not fire when you expect them to. For instance, componentDidMount fires the first time a page is displayed, but if you navigate away from the page Ionic might keep the page around in the DOM, and a subsequent visit to the page might not call componentDidMount again. This scenario is the main reason the Ionic lifecycle methods exist, to still give you a way to call logic when views enter and exit when the native framework's events might not fire.

Guidance for Each LifeCycle Method#

Below are some tips on uses cases for each of the life cycle events.

  • ionViewWillEnter - Since ionViewWillEnter is called every time the view is navigated to (regardless if initialized or not), it's a good method to load data from services.
  • ionViewDidEnter - If you see performance problems from using ionViewWillEnter when loading data, you can do your data calls in ionViewDidEnter instead. This event won't fire until after the page is visible to the user, however, so you might want to use either a loading indicator or a skeleton screen, so content doesn't flash in un-naturally after the transition is complete.
  • ionViewWillLeave - Can be used for cleanup, like unsubscribing from data sources. Since componentWillUnmount might not fire when you navigate from the current page, put your cleanup code here if you don't want it active while the screen is not in view.
  • ionViewDidLeave - When this event fires, you know the new page has fully transitioned in, so any logic you might not normally do when the view is visible can go here.